A List of Commonly Used Terms in Blood Banking

Immediate Spin Crossmatch

A type of serologic crossmatch performed simply by adding diluted red cells and patient serum/plasma to a test tube at room temperature, immediately centrifuging (“spinning”), and then examining visually for agglutination. This procedure is only used when a patient lacks evidence of “unexpected” (non-ABO) antibodies, both currently and historically (i.e., if a patient has evidence of a clinically significant antibody now or in the past, they are NOT eligible for an immediate spin crossmatch even if that antibody is no longer detectable!). Immediate spin crossmatches potentially save transfusion services lots of time, since an incubation and the AHG phase of testing are not required. This crossmatch really is designed for one thing only: Detecting ABO incompatibility between donor red blood cells and recipient serum/plasma. The electronic (“computer”) crossmatch is an acceptable alternative to this procedure.

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